Situational Awareness Skills: Lessen Your Chance of Being a Victim

by Michelle Cerino

Last month, I spent a few days in Salem, Massachusetts, with a friend I’ve known since grade school. We explored the town during the day, ate amazing meals and enjoyed walking tours in the evening. I learned a lot on that trip. Not only did I learn the history of Salem and its infamous witch trials, I also learned that my dear friend completely lacks situational awareness. Applying Jeff Cooper’s levels in the Awareness Color Code Chart, she operated on the level “white” … the entire time.

Awareness Color Code Chart

White — A state of complete unawareness and unpreparedness. In this state, you are oblivious to things going on around you and are exceedingly vulnerable to attack.

Yellow — A state of relaxed alert. There is no specific, obvious threat present, but you are aware that danger is always a possibility. You are aware of people around you as well as the environment in general.

Orange — A heightened state of awareness, in which you observe or are aware of a specific threat. In this condition, you are beginning to formulate possible responses to deal with the danger.

Red — The stage associated with action. This is when things have escalated to the point where you are either engaging a threat or are in retreat.

Since I couldn’t carry a firearm during this trip, all I had on me was a pocket knife and a will to survive. (I always like to add that part.) I pride myself in my situational awareness skills and I assumed other people employed similar prowess when out and about, especially when visiting a different city.

Aside from when I was sleeping, I spent most of the time in condition yellow and at least a bit in orange. An example of condition yellow happened while riding the elevator to and from our room. I always look to see who’s already on it before I enter and make eye contact with people as they step in. I also make sure to notice if they have anything in their hands. My condition-white friend thought it was odd that I paid such close attention to who rode with us. Note: Eyes should not be glued on the floor numbers as they flick by.

At least 2 incidents raised my condition to orange. The first time happened during the daytime when we stood outside a local drugstore near a bus stop. Quite a few people congregated near the entrance to the store. As we walked past the group, I made eye contact, smiled and casually held onto my purse that I wore slung cross body. Not that big of a deal, but I was aware of everyone around me. My friend, on the other hand, walked in and out as if she had blinders on. Not a care in the world.

The second time happened late in the evening after a walking tour. As we sat outside eating ice cream cones on a rather chilly evening, I noticed a man walking around, wearing no jacket and with his shirt unbuttoned. I watched him approach numerous people asking for money and then disappear down a dark alley next to us. As we began walking back to our hotel, I told her we needed to cross the street and walk on the other side. When she questioned me as to why the change of course, I mentioned seeing that man and explained everything I saw. She admitted to never even seeing him, let alone consider walking on the other side of the street to avoid a dark area.

I know these incidents don’t seem like a big deal. And some people (such as my friend) may even think I’m a little paranoid. But, I believe developing good situational awareness skills is a start to keeping safe – and not only me, but also, my family and friends.

Situational awareness skills tips

1. Appear confident and aware of your surroundings.
Even if you’re scared and not sure where you are, don’t let potential attackers know. Walk with an air of confidence, good posture and make eye contact. You will appear more confident and less likely a potential victim.

2. See the big picture.
When we’re first learning to drive, we are taught in drivers education classes not to just focus on the road right in front of us. Instead, we have to get the big picture, use our peripheral vision and see everything that is going on. If not, we may miss that car backing out of a driveway or a child running into the street. It’s important to be aware of everything going on around us. The same should be practiced when out-and-about on foot. Whether walking at a mall or down a city street. We shouldn’t just focus on what’s right in front of us, we need to see the big picture. A good plan to get the big picture quickly is to slow down or stop after you’ve entered a new building, and assess the situation before proceeding. Is everything copacetic? Nothing out of place?

3. Have an exit plan.
No matter where you are, in a movie theater, restaurant, hotel room, etc., locate the nearest exit. Having a plan on how to get out of an area before anything happens puts you ahead of the game. Instead of saying to yourself, “If this happens to me …,” change the verbiage to, “When this happens to me …”

4. Trust your instincts.
If something just doesn’t feel right, pay attention and act on it. Whether we call it our sixth sense, intuition or something else, we all seem to have it in one form or another. We need to trust it and get away from that person or place that makes us feel uncomfortable.

Bad things can and do happen to anyone, anywhere. Improving your situational awareness skills will help you become more confident and afford you less of a chance of becoming a victim.

Michelle Cerino is the managing editor at She also is the author of the column “She Shoots 2,” sponsored by Crossbreed Holsters. A mother of 2 teenage boys, Michelle has been right there beside them hunting youth deer seasons, plinking pop cans with .22s and being involved in Boy Scouts since 2004. Michelle is the president of Cerino Consulting and Training Group, LLC, a firearms training company she built with her husband Chris in 2011. Her path in the firearms and outdoors industries is ever progressing. She is writing, hunting, competing and doing contract work for major manufacturers. When not working, Michelle competes in prestigious shooting events, such as the Bianchi Cup in Missouri, and major 3-Gun matches nationwide.

Situational Awareness

by Drew Beatty

How aware are you of your surroundings as you carry concealed? We carry concealed so that we can respond appropriately should a life or death encounter become unavoidable. If an attack happens without you being aware that it is developing, you are seriously behind the curve. How can you make sure you have appropriate situational awareness at all times?

Think about times when you’ve crossed an intersection in your car and someone has blown a red light, just narrowly avoiding an accident. Was it a surprise or did you see it coming?

Or, have you ever been surprised by a pedestrian crossing the street against the light? Have you ever been so tired or distracted you accidentally locked your keys in your car?

Alertness is a natural result of a defensive adult mindset. It’s important to be awake and alert wherever you go – walking in parking lots, walking in your neighborhood, or driving in your car – especially when you are carrying concealed.

You may have read Jeff Cooper’s Color Codes that have been taught to law enforcement for years. Here is a short summary of each of his color codes, and how they apply to concealed carriers:

Condition White – Condition White can be deadly to the person who lives there. Basically, you are oblivious to all that’s going on around you. Think of those people walking directly into traffic because they are staring at their smart phone. Don’t be Condition White.

Condition Yellow – Condition Yellow is a state of relaxed awareness. Your net of consciousness is extended out in a 360-degree circle. Details are apparent – squirrels in trees, people waiting at a crosswalk a block away, the color of a particular motorcycle. This is the recommended baseline for situational awareness.

Condition Orange – Condition Orange means a possible threat has been identified. Even if it’s just a threat to your peace of mind, like a stranger locking eyes with you in an attempt to ask for change. Think of Condition Orange as an unspecified alert that demands more of your focus and attention.

Condition Red – Condition Red means a threat is unfolding. There is more than a mere suspicion of danger present. You must act.

Condition Black – Condition Black means you are actively fighting or running.

It’s easy and convenient to apply this mindset of situational awareness to daily life. Think about when you are pumping gas. Where are you? In most situations, you have a big gas pump on one side of you, a vehicle on the other side, and a gas pump hose either behind or in front of you. Guess what? You’re ¾ trapped and vulnerable.

How would you apply the color code in that situation? How far out do you cast your radar? Could you be walked up on and robbed or stabbed? And most importantly, a concealed carrier must think about what they would do if the unthinkable happened.

If you jog or exercise in public, do you do so with earbuds in your ears? You are eliminating one of your best survival senses – your hearing – and some portion of your concentration, treading dangerously into Condition White.

Maintaining a level of situational awareness appropriate to the situation at hand will buy you time enough to make the choice to avoid a deadly encounter, or appropriately respond to one that is unavoidable.

Drew Beatty is a 50 year old husband and father, and a lifetime resident of the great state of Colorado. He is a long-time firearms enthusiast as well as a strong advocate for The Second Amendment.